Edward Irvine Halliday (1902-1984):
Framed (ref: 3545)
Signed lower left
Oil on canvas
30 x 54 in.
Provenance: Commission by Sir Benjamin Johnson for his house Abbot's Lea, Woolton, 1927. Completed to 1928; given to Halliday as a gift in 1937 upon the death of Johnson.
Exhibited: Royal Academy, 1939, under the title Evening in the Campangna, (with new date added 1930-9 but no changes to the composition).
Literature: Edward Halliday, Art for Life, 1925-1939,
Anne Compton, pp 18-21, reproduced p. 20 and on front cover.
British Murals & Decorative Painting 1920-1960,
Sansom & Co, 2013, pp.190-203;
Hypnos was commissioned in 1927 by Sir Benjamin
Johnson, for his house Abbot’s Lea, Liverpool, and completed
in 1928 during the last year of Halliday’s Rome Scholarship.
Johnson was an insomniac, hence the choice of Hypnos, god of
sleep, and the painting hung in the corridor outside Johnson’s
bedroom. The iconography was devised by Dorothy Hatswell, a
classicist and assistant librarian at The British School at Rome,
whom Halliday married in 1928. The painting includes portraits
of Halliday’s friend and fellow Rome Scholar in Painting Robert
Lyon as well as Bobby Longdon, a friend and classics scholar
at The British School at Rome.