E McKnight Kauffer

ARTIST

Kauffer, E McKnight

1890 – 1954

1890-1954 Poster
designer who also did some textile and theatrical work, painted and illustrated
books and magazines. Born in America
at Great Falls, Montana,
Kauffer grew up in Evansville,
Indiana, where was assistant
scene painter in the opera house. His early training as a painter was in San Francisco and at the
Art Institute of Chicago, where he saw the controversial Armory Show of modern
European art. A patron assisted him to study in continental Europe where in Paris he was influenced
by Van Gogh’s work. Resolved to support himself by poster design, at the
outbreak of World War I he had to flee to London
where he associated with painters such as Harold Gilman and Charles Ginner and
gained commissions for the Underground Electric Railways Com­pany. For the next
quarter-century he was the main designer of posters for London Underground
under Frank Pick’s patronage. Did work for Roger Fry’s Omega Work­shops, helped
to found Group X with Wyndham Lewis and early in the 1920s returned for a while
to New York,
where he designed for the Theatre Guild. Showed at Goupil Gallery, Arthur Tooth
and Son and NEAC. Illustrated for periodicals such as Radio Times and Fanfare
and books such as Arnold Bennett’s Elsie and the Child, 1929, ‘I’ S Eliot’s
Triumphal March, 1931, and Edgar Allan Poe’s Complete Poems and Stories, 1946.
However, his reputa­tion rests mainly on his outstanding contribution to modern
British poster design, inspired by Cubism and Vorticism, working for such
clients as Shell-Mex and BP, the General Post Office and Imperial Airways. His
Soaring to Success – the Early Bird poster, used by the Daily Herald,
epitomised Kauffer’s aspirations as a designer. After the outbreak of World War
11 Kauffer, who married the designer Marian Dorn, returned to New York.
Victoria & Albert Museum
travelling exhibition in 1973.

 

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E McKnight Kauffer

ARTIST

Kauffer, E McKnight

1890 – 1954

1890-1954 Poster
designer who also did some textile and theatrical work, painted and illustrated
books and magazines. Born in America
at Great Falls, Montana,
Kauffer grew up in Evansville,
Indiana, where was assistant
scene painter in the opera house. His early training as a painter was in San Francisco and at the
Art Institute of Chicago, where he saw the controversial Armory Show of modern
European art. A patron assisted him to study in continental Europe where in Paris he was influenced
by Van Gogh’s work. Resolved to support himself by poster design, at the
outbreak of World War I he had to flee to London
where he associated with painters such as Harold Gilman and Charles Ginner and
gained commissions for the Underground Electric Railways Com­pany. For the next
quarter-century he was the main designer of posters for London Underground
under Frank Pick’s patronage. Did work for Roger Fry’s Omega Work­shops, helped
to found Group X with Wyndham Lewis and early in the 1920s returned for a while
to New York,
where he designed for the Theatre Guild. Showed at Goupil Gallery, Arthur Tooth
and Son and NEAC. Illustrated for periodicals such as Radio Times and Fanfare
and books such as Arnold Bennett’s Elsie and the Child, 1929, ‘I’ S Eliot’s
Triumphal March, 1931, and Edgar Allan Poe’s Complete Poems and Stories, 1946.
However, his reputa­tion rests mainly on his outstanding contribution to modern
British poster design, inspired by Cubism and Vorticism, working for such
clients as Shell-Mex and BP, the General Post Office and Imperial Airways. His
Soaring to Success – the Early Bird poster, used by the Daily Herald,
epitomised Kauffer’s aspirations as a designer. After the outbreak of World War
11 Kauffer, who married the designer Marian Dorn, returned to New York.
Victoria & Albert Museum
travelling exhibition in 1973.

 

+ Follow works by this artist
+ Share Artist

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