Leonora Carrington (1917 - 2011)
Leonora Carrington studied at Chelsea School of Art (1935) and the
Ozenfant Academy in London (1935–38).
Quickly gaining recognition in Surrealist circles, she fell in
love with Max Ernst (1891–1976), with whom she moved to
Paris, forging a prolific collaboration before their separation during
WWII after Ernst was arrested. Devastated, Carrington suffered a
breakdown and was hospitalised. After escaping to New York, she
finally settled in Mexico, where she lived for the rest of her life.
Carrington demonstrated a lifelong rejection of the traditional
representation of women, particularly the Surrealist positioning of
them as objects of male desire. In Mexico she became a founding
member of the Women’s Liberation Movement and author of
several books, including Hearing Trumpet (1976). She also showed
extensively, including at the Pierre Matisse Gallery in NY (1947),
Museo Nacional de Arte Moderno in Mexico City (1960) and the
Serpentine Gallery (1991). In 2010, she was part of Pallant House
Gallery’s Surreal Friends exhibition – a celebration of women’s role in
the Surrealist movement.