Duncan, Margaret

(1906 – 1979)

Reigate and its Environments, late 1930's

Tempera on panel, mounted on four panels

Each panel 59 3/4 x 23 3/4 in. (152 x 60.5 cm)

DESCRIPTION

Provenance:
Private Collection

Exhibited: ‘For Real: British Realists from the 20s and 30s’, Museum MORE, Gorssel (September 15th, 2019 ‚Äì January 5th, 2020).

Little is known about Margaret Duncan, other than that she worked

as an art teacher at Huyton College (1935–1947), moving from there

to St Katharine’s College, Tottenham. She exhibited a painting, The

Annunciation, at the Royal Academy in 1941. This painted screen,

presumably for domestic use, may be a little earlier than her RA exhibit,

although its deliberately pastoral feel – no vehicles or other modern

conveniences are shown – makes it hard to be sure.

A preliminary sketch labelled “Design for Mural Decoration” helps

with the identification of features. Duncan probably took her view

from the tower of St Mary’s Church, to the east of Reigate, looking

roughly north-west across the town but moving the North Downs to

form a backdrop. On the right is the abandoned chalk pit biting into

the flank of Reigate Hill, with Colley Hill and Box Hill to its left (west).

Prominent among the town’s buildings are the former Town Hall of

c.1728 and the gothic gatehouse folly of 1777 on the site of Reigate’s

Norman castle. In the left foreground is Reigate Park (labelled on the

sketch). One curiosity is that the prominent building beyond, set in a

sunken formal garden, is there labelled “Reigate Priory”. However, this is

clearly not that, but apparently Cherchefelle, a five-bay house of c.1770

in Chart Lane, close to St Mary’s Church. Did Duncan assemble this view

from a series of individual sketches and inadvertently get two buildings

muddled up?

Commentary by Paul Stamper, landscape historian, specialising in the post-Roman countryside. After a career with the Victoria County History and English Heritage, he now runs his own heritage consultancy — Paul Stamper Heritage.

Exhibited: Sanctuary, Artist-Gardeners, 1919-39, Garden Museum, London, 25th February – 5 April, 2020

Literature: Christopher Woodward, Sanctuary: Artist-Gardeners, 1919–1939, published by Liss Llewellyn, 2020

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THE ARTIST

Duncan, Margaret

1906 – 1979

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