Sir Gerald Festus Kelly (1879-1972):
Another Yein, 1909
Framed (ref: 490)
Inscribed on canvas return: ‘Another Yein’
Oil on canvas, squared for transfer, 22 x 67 1/2 in. (56 x 171.5 cm.)
‘Kelly’s Burmese dancers have a strange impenetrability, their gestures are
enigmatic and yet significant, they are charming, and yet there is something
curiously hieratic in their manner; with a sure instinct, and with a more definite feeling for decoration than is possible in a portrait, Mr Kelly has given us the character of the East as we of our generation see it (William Somerset Maugham,‘A Student of Character: Gerald Festus Kelly’, International Studio, December 1914).
This large study depicts a synchronised dance group, or Yein. The performance known as Nan Twin Ah Phyo Taw Yein (literally ‘synchronised dance group of young girls performing at the palace’) would typically have been presented to the British Governor or other high-ranking officials, and Kelly may well have seen such a performance whilst living at the house of the District Judge during his seminal six-month stay in Mandalay from 1908 to 1909. The elaborate headdresses signify that the girls are unmarried.This remarkable study remained in the artist’s studio until the artist’s death in
1972, at which point they were inherited by the painter John Napper, Kelly’s studio assistant. The green horizontal silhouette visible at the top of the composition, which might be read as an outline of background hills, is in fact the remains of an earlier portrait (a full-length woman standing).
The 1957 Kelly exhibition held at the Royal Academy included a painting on
the same theme titled Yein Pwe: Pagan, which is recorded as having been
started in 1912 and thereafter worked upon on numerous occasions.