Hilda Carline (1889-1950):
Portrait of Gilbert Spencer, circa 1919
Framed (ref: 9258)
Red chalk on paper
Inscribed 'Mr G Spencer'.
11 3/4 x 11 3/4 in. 45 x 30 cm
Provenance: Gilbert Spencer; Gillian Spencer; thence by descent; Private Collection
It was while studying at the Slade School of Fine Art (1918–1922) under Henry Tonks that Hilda Carline met Gilbert Spencer. Gilbert was the younger brother of Stanley, whom she went on to marry in 1925. Gilbert was born on 4 August 1892 and was the eighth son and youngest of eleven children. A talented painter himself, he was noted for his landscapes, was a member of the New English Art Club, and held his first solo exhibition at the Goupil Gallery in 1923.
Before she began her studies at the Slade, Hilda attended – along with her brothers Sydney and Richard Carline – Percyval Tudor-Hart’s School of Painting in Hampstead. Tudor-Hart had a profound influence on the three siblings and there is discernible evidence of his avant-garde teaching style in all their work. Tudor-Hart’s experimental methods and advanced theories on colour and its effect on the emotions informed Hilda’s work and marked the beginning of a productive period in her artistic career.
This drawing was probably made in 1919, at the time when she had just started a part-time five-year training at the Slade. The drawing demonstrates both her consummate skill as a draughtswoman and her sensitivity to the subject matter, where urgency and spontaneity prevail. The portrait invites a dialogue with the viewer, due in part to its dynamic nature and to the quality of expression.
Commentary by Hermione Carline and Jackie Naffah. Carline is an artist and niece of Hilda Carline. Naffah is an artist and short story writer.
Self portrait, 1912, red chalk on paper,
40 x 22cm, Stanley Spencer (1891-1959).
Williamson Art Gallery and Museum, gift of the Contemporary Art Society, 1954.